Evolutionary Boundary

Standard assertions in biology text books include emphasis on natural selection in the process of biological evolution, in particular the evolutionary processes that are assumed to cause small simple organisms to evolve into larger, more complex ones. According to the Evolutionary Boundary simulation study by Jonathan Whitcomb, however, natural selection (also called “survival of the fittest”) actually prevents major biological evolution, at least the kind of evolution associated with the universal-common-ancestry proposition of Charles Darwin.

Mathematical simulations by Jonathan Whitcomb

suggest that even just one major step in macro-

evolutionary development is practically impossible

using standard-model natural selection assumptions.

Details in the Evolutionary Boundary scientific article itself make for dry reading. The indexes

(called “Internal Links”) may be useful.


See the brief introduction to Evolutionary

Boundary (a Creation perspective).


Whitcomb’s mathematical simulations include a calculation called “Baggage” which reduces the competitiveness of those sub-populations that have a small structure that may, in the distant future, develop into a new organic structure or organ. This Baggage principle, however, is not the only calculation that seems to make macro-evolution impossible. The principles of “immediate survivability” and future competitiveness are treated as separate values in the calculations. This also seems to have a major impact on the results.

Whitcomb is better know in cryptozoological circles through his book Searching for Ropens (about living-pterosaur searches in Papua New Guinea). See the author’s book review, or see book review comments from readers, or read a Creationist perspective in another book review.