Cryptozoological Investigations of reports of modern living pterosaurs in the Pacific, southwest region Investigating Reports of Living Pterosaurs in the Pacific Interviews of Eyewitnesses: Michael, of Opai Village, “was one of the witnesses of a strange light that came to the grave . . . where the body of a man was buried [in Gomlongon Village]. The next day . . . the body was missing." (Whitcomb interview, 2004) Gideon “saw a giant pterosaur-like creature when he was with several other boys years ago. There is nothing in the . . . interview that would suggest  any  dishonesty or gross errors in what this young man reported to Whitcomb.” Pastor Jacob Kepas “saw a strange huge creature fly over his village. . . They know it as seklo-bali or ‘he who carries his bed around with him.’” Perth, Australia: A couple “sighted a huge creature flying over a densely populated area . . . it had a long tail and a wingspan that we estimated at between 30-50 feet across. . . . never in my life have I ever seen anything that remotely resembled it until I found a page on Pterosaurs.” On Umboi Island, an American saw what investigators believe was a ropen: a long-tailed pterosaurs called “Rhamphorhynchoid.” (J. Whitcomb interviewed D. Woetzel) A missionary  in Papua New Guinea saw what may have been the same species of creature called “ropen” on Umboi Island. The sighting itself was near Manus Island, Morobe Province. The ropen was seen by Jonah Jim. The glowing creature flew near enough for him to be able to later describe it to Jonathan Whitcomb, an American investigator. A large “pterodactyl” was seen by a World War II veteran. It was near Finschhafen on the mainland of Papua New Guinea. This eyewitness has maintained, for six decades, that he did see the “pterodactyl” as it flew up from a jungle clearing and circled back, giving him and his friend a fine view of it. Duane Hodgkinson lives in Montana, and is a flight instructor. He was interviewed several times by the cryptozoologist Jonathan David Whitcomb, and he filled out a survey questionnaire. It revealed details on the appearance of the flying creature. Whitcomb found clear evidence that Hodgkinson had not seen something far different from any scientifically classified bird or bat. It was later obvious that the creature seen by the World War II veteran was similar to the one reported by the Australian psychologist Brian Hennessy. Shape of the beak or mouth of the giant “pterodactyl” seen by the veteran---that was shown by his choices in one section of Whitcomb’s questionnaire. Finschhafen Harbor, Papua New Guinea Gideon, of Umboi Island, describes the flight of the giant ropen over the crater lake Pung (interviewed by Whitcomb when Gideon was a young man. Two others were interviewed.) Michael, of Opai Village, saw only the light, not the form or features of the glowing creature Eyewitness Interviews continued:  Length of the head appendage of the creature seen by Hodgkinson The neck of the creature seen by the World War II veteran was long. A Rhamphorhynchoid (long-tailed) pterosaur flies over Opai Village about once a month. It is seen by Leonard of Opai. (Guessman-Woetzel, 2004) Apparent living pterosaurs have been seen by others on Umboi Island, including the interpreter on Jonathan Whitcomb’s expedition: Luke Paina of Lae, Morobe Province. Two bioluminescent lights (called “indava”) were videotaped by the American explorer Paul Nation in 2006. They cannot be the Flying Fox for fruit bats aren’t bioluminescence. The video of the two lights was later analyzed by the missile defense physicist Clifford Paiva. (see below) Living Pterosaur Sighting Locations  At Lake Pung, a giant pterosaur flew over the water just minutes after seven island boys had arrived. (Umboi Is.) One of the eyewitnesses was Gideon Koro, who was interviewed by the American Jonathan Whitcomb. Gomlongon Village—Here, near Mount Bel, the ropen is seen to fly at night, sometimes to the coast and later at night back to the mountain. At Opai Village, near Gomlongon, on Umboi Island, the ropen is sometimes seen to fly overhead at night. Umboi Island “may be best known as the home of the ropen.” (in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea) Legend of giant “bat” in Venezuela Other Resources: Living Pterosaurs  The book Searching for Ropens  “examines the revolutionary idea that pterosaurs live in Papua New Guinea.” (nonfiction cryptozoology) Ropens: “Live Pterosaurs in Papua New Guinea,” contains information on sightings, expeditions, and a response to objections based on the “Mesozoic strata.” (This is a cryptozoology book, nonfiction.) Are the “pterodactyl” sightings related to the Flying Fox fruit bat? No, this outdated notion is countered by eyewitnesses: The ropen of Papua New Guinea is much larger and has a long tail. Glen Kuban (rebuttal) page reveals major problems with the fruit-bat  explanation (The Flying Fox fails to explain things.) Nonfiction ebook published in Sep, 2012: “Live Pterosaurs in Australia & in Papua New Guinea” Flying Dinosaurs: Americans have . . . visited remote islands of Papua New Guinea, searching for flying creatures: a living pterosaur.” Three Americans on two Ropen Expeditions  Jonathan Whitcomb, Garth Guessman, and David Woetzel explored portions of the tropical island Umboi in 2004, to learn about the nocturnal bioluminescent ropen. They also hoped for a sighting of the elusive flying creature. Creation, Evolution, and Living Pterosaurs  This has brief references to a modern creation museum in Kentucky and to a critic who ignores evidence. Recent investigations (2007-2011), by several American cryptozoologists, support the idea that flying creatures similar to the ropen of Papua New Guinea live in the "lower 48" states: in the United States of America Live Pterosaurs in America, by Jonathan David Whitcomb, is now published in its third edition: the “Bible” of reports of “pterodactyls” in the United States. Discover for yourself the amazing encounters that Americans have had with these wonderful flying creatures.   Expanded Third Edition (Nov, 2011) 154 pages; extensive index $13.65 in U.S. dollars ISBN-13:  9781466292116 Scientific paper by Jonathan David Whitcomb: live pterosaurs in Pacific area Native eyewitness (right) interviewed by an American investigator (Josh Gates) Two “pterodactyls” drawn, in 1971, by the eyewitness, U. S. Marine Eskin Kuhn Jonathan Whitcomb, a professional forensic videographer, explored the island of Umboi, PNG, in 2004 Duane Hodgkinson and Brian Hennessy observed, in 1944 and in 1971, the same basic kind of huge flying creature in PNG Joshua Gates (Destination Truth on TV) also interviewed the native eyewitness Jacob Kepas (left), a Baptist minister Eskin C. Kuhn was stationed at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, when he witnessed two flying ropens Dinosaurs With Humans  Have dinosaurs lived alongside the human race? This relates to dragons and “snakes” with wings. Ogopogo Lake Monster  A Canadian cryptid names “Ogopogo” was not covered well in a television documentary. Why doubt? Cryptozoology and “Pterodactyls”  Pterosaurs may live in various areas. Cryptozoology & Living Pterosaurs  A Biblical creationist site More on Creation & Evolution    There is nothing strange about a Bible-believer being objective. Pterosaur Extinction (or not) This delves into the ideas about why universal extinction is not scientific. Dragon Legends, Live Pterosaurs  A paleontologist fails to understand and stumbles through dogmatic adherence to the old idea of the universal extinction of pterosaurs.   Sightings in Australia  From an anonymous eyewitness, BLP, who reported her sighting to Jonathan Whitcomb in mid-2010: “We saw it at Mt Coolum Sunshine Coast of Australia . . . I was traveling towards the ocean . . . We heard it . . . the swoosh noise . [We were driving] a modern car, the windows were up, so that is a loud sound. All we saw was a black shape coming from the trees; the next thing we saw was one wing over the wind- screen, . . . I couldn't see the road for a moment, just wing covering the entire windscreen. The body was over the car and it's other wing, over the back. We could not see the body . . . only see the wing: bat-like leather, veins and leather stretched over a bone structure." From an eyewitness (sighting in Sydney, Australia), JBS: “We were playing [as children] . . . basically chasing each other; one of my friends . . . saw it the sky and we quickly noticed it as well . . . we noticed it was BIG, not the normal Magpie you see around the school . . . Secondly, it had a tail that was long, about one or two meters. [It] looked like something out of a dinosaur movie." (They searched in the school library, where they com- pared what they had seen with the images in books, concluding that they had indeed seen a pterosaur.)   It’s Hard to Videotape Ropens  This explains some of the challenges in obtaining video footage of living pterosaurs. It really is difficult. Bioluminescence & the Ropen  Relates the ropen to other living creatures that are bioluminescent (including Min Min of Australia). Charles Darwin & a Cryptid Book  The treatment of Darwin in the cryptozoology book Searching for Ropens (by J. D. Whitcomb)--- this is not at all insulting to the intelligence of Darwin. Pterosaurs in Cuba  Soon after his 1971 sighting of two large pterosaurs in Cuba, the U.S. Marine Eskin Kuhn sketched what he had observed. For four decades he has stood by his account, this wonderful encounter with two long- tailed pterosaurs, probably similar to the nocturnal flying creature that is called "ropen" in Papua New Guinea: maybe giant along-tailed Rhamphorhynchoid pterosaur. But Kuhn was not the first person to see a living pterosaur in Cuba. In 1965, Patty Carson saw one of the long-tailed creatures in Cuba.  From the video recorded by Paul Nation in 2006, deep in the mainland of Papua New Guinea: apparently two indava lights. Those who have studied this phenomenon for many years believe these are two bioluminescent pterosaurs, strange as that may seem. From the report by the missile defense physicist Clifford Paiva, of California: the video of two lights was not a paste-on hoax but a recording of two actual sources of light. (P. Nation video) Native eyewitness describes the flight of the glowing ropen over Lab Lab, Umboi Island Copyright 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 Jonathan Whitcomb